Festivals in Uttar Pradesh

Festivals in Uttar Pradesh, nikhilesh mishra

Uttar Pradesh is a state with a rich cultural heritage, and festivals form an integral part of its diverse culture. The state celebrates a wide range of festivals throughout the year, which provide an insight into its cultural, social, and religious traditions. The festivals of Uttar Pradesh are characterized by colorful decorations, traditional attire, delicious food, and lively music and dance performances. These festivals bring together people from different communities and regions, fostering a sense of unity and harmony.


Holi is a prominent Hindu festival celebrated with immense joy and fervor throughout India, including Uttar Pradesh. The festival is known for its vibrant colors, music, dance, and delicious food, and is celebrated on the full moon day in the Hindu month of Phalgun (usually in February/March). Holi is a symbol of love, joy, and unity and is also known as the “festival of colors.”

Holi in Uttar Pradesh: In Uttar Pradesh, Holi celebrations are famous for their grandeur and enthusiasm. People from all walks of life participate in the festivities, and the entire state is immersed in colors and joy. The celebration starts with lighting a bonfire on the night before the main festival, which is known as Holika Dahan. The bonfire symbolizes the victory of good over evil and is a way of paying tribute to Lord Vishnu.

On the day of Holi, people gather in public places and apply colors on each other, sing songs and dance to the beats of dhol and other musical instruments. In some parts of Uttar Pradesh, people also carry a pot of buttermilk and spill it on each other, which is called “Lathmar Holi.” The tradition of Lathmar Holi is especially popular in Mathura and Vrindavan, the birthplace of Lord Krishna.

Apart from the traditional celebrations, many cultural programs and competitions are also organized in schools, colleges, and other public places. Holi is also an occasion to relish traditional delicacies such as gujiya, thandai, and mathri.

In conclusion, Holi is not just a festival of colors, but a way of spreading love, joy, and harmony. In Uttar Pradesh, the festival is celebrated with great fervor, and the state is lit up with the vibrant colors of joy and happiness. Holi is an occasion to forget all differences and come together as one big family. The festival has a special place in the hearts of people in Uttar Pradesh and is a time when people can forget all their worries and just enjoy the festivities.


Diwali, also known as the “Festival of Lights,” is one of the most significant festivals in India and is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm throughout the country, including Uttar Pradesh. This festival marks the triumph of good over evil, and it symbolizes the victory of light over darkness. In Uttar Pradesh, Diwali is celebrated with traditional customs and rituals that are unique to the state.

The festival of Diwali is celebrated for five days, and each day has its significance. The first day is known as Dhanteras, which is the day to buy new items, especially gold and silver, to bring good fortune. The second day is known as Choti Diwali or Narak Chaturdashi, which is the day to light diyas (lamps) and celebrate the defeat of the demon Narakasura. The third day is the main day of Diwali when people decorate their homes with lights and rangolis (colorful designs made with powder). They also perform puja (worship) to Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, and Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles. The fourth day is Govardhan Puja, which commemorates the lifting of Govardhan Mountain by Lord Krishna to protect the people from heavy rains. The fifth day is known as Bhai Dooj, which celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters.

In Uttar Pradesh, the festival of Diwali is celebrated with great pomp and show. The famous city of Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Rama, is beautifully decorated with lights and diyas during this festival. The city hosts a grand procession called “Ram Baraat,” where a beautifully decorated chariot carries an idol of Lord Rama through the city streets.

Another unique tradition in Uttar Pradesh during Diwali is the lighting of diyas made of clay, which are specially prepared in the town of Firozabad. The town is famous for its glass industry and produces millions of clay diyas every year, which are distributed all over the country.

However, during Diwali, the air pollution level in Uttar Pradesh increases to a dangerous level due to the bursting of firecrackers. The government has implemented strict regulations to control the use of firecrackers during the festival to minimize the environmental impact.

In conclusion, Diwali is an essential festival in Uttar Pradesh, celebrated with traditional customs and rituals that reflect the state’s unique cultural heritage. While the festival brings joy and happiness to people, it is crucial to celebrate it in an eco-friendly way to protect the environment and preserve our traditions for future generations.


Uttar Pradesh, the land of festivals, celebrates Navaratri with great zeal and enthusiasm. The nine-day festival dedicated to Goddess Durga is one of the most significant festivals celebrated in the state. It is celebrated in different ways in different regions of Uttar Pradesh, but the underlying theme of victory of good over evil and the worship of the divine feminine remains the same.

Celebrations: The festival of Navaratri is celebrated in a grand manner in Uttar Pradesh, with people worshipping the divine feminine in various forms. The first three days of the festival are dedicated to Goddess Durga, the next three to Goddess Lakshmi, and the final three to Goddess Saraswati. The festival is celebrated with great pomp and show, with people dressing up in their traditional finery and participating in the various cultural programs organized during the festival.

In some parts of the state, especially in the eastern regions, Navaratri is celebrated with the performance of Durga Puja, a grand celebration involving the worship of the goddess and the recitation of hymns and prayers. The puja is performed in specially built pandals or temples, and devotees come from far and wide to participate in the celebrations.

In the western part of the state, especially in the Braj region, Navaratri is celebrated as the festival of Raaslila. This is a unique dance-drama that depicts the divine love of Lord Krishna and his consort Radha. The Raaslila performances are held in the evenings and attract large crowds from all over the state.

In conclusion, Navaratri is a festival that is deeply ingrained in the cultural fabric of Uttar Pradesh. It is a celebration of the divine feminine and the triumph of good over evil. The festival is celebrated with great pomp and show, with people from all walks of life participating in the celebrations. The state government and various cultural organizations organize various events and programs during the festival, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of the state. The festival of Navaratri is truly a celebration of life and is a testament to the cultural diversity of Uttar Pradesh.


Eid-ul-Fitr is one of the most important religious festivals celebrated by Muslims in Uttar Pradesh and around the world. The festival marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, during which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset. Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion across Uttar Pradesh, with people coming together to pray, exchange greetings and gifts, and share delicious meals.

The celebrations of Eid-ul-Fitr in Uttar Pradesh begin with the sighting of the crescent moon, which marks the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. The festival is celebrated for three days, during which Muslims wear new clothes, offer special prayers in mosques and open spaces, and exchange greetings with friends and family members.

In Uttar Pradesh, the festival is celebrated with great fervour, with people decorating their homes and streets with colourful lights and decorations. Markets are filled with people shopping for new clothes, jewellery, and gifts for their loved ones. Special Eid bazaars are set up in many parts of the state, where people can buy traditional sweets, snacks, and other delicacies.

The celebrations of Eid-ul-Fitr in Uttar Pradesh are marked by the traditional dishes and sweets that are prepared and shared with family and friends. Some of the popular dishes include biryani, kebabs, samosas, and seviyan, a sweet vermicelli pudding that is a speciality of the festival. People also offer charity and alms to the poor and needy, as a way of giving back to the community and spreading joy and happiness.

In conclusion, Eid-ul-Fitr is an important festival that celebrates the spirit of brotherhood, love, and unity among Muslims in Uttar Pradesh and around the world. The festival is marked by traditional rituals, prayers, and feasting, and brings people of all communities and backgrounds together to share in the celebrations. The festival reminds us of the importance of compassion, generosity, and kindness towards others, and encourages us to work towards a world that is filled with peace and harmony.


Uttar Pradesh is a state in India with a diverse population and culture. The state is home to people from different religions, including Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Christianity. The diversity is reflected in the various festivals and celebrations that take place in the state throughout the year. Muharram is one such festival celebrated by the Muslim community in Uttar Pradesh.

Muharram: Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar, and it marks the beginning of the new year for Muslims. It is a time of mourning for the Muslims as they remember the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad. Imam Hussain was killed in the Battle of Karbala, which took place in the year 680 AD.

The month of Muharram is marked by a series of processions and rituals that take place in different parts of the state. The Shia Muslims, in particular, observe the occasion with great fervor and devotion. They organize processions and take out taziyas (replicas of the tomb of Imam Hussain) in the streets. The taziyas are usually adorned with flowers and flags and are carried on the shoulders of the devotees.

The processions are accompanied by mournful music and recitations of elegies (nohas) that depict the suffering and sacrifice of Imam Hussain and his followers. The participants in the procession beat their chests and backs with chains in a symbolic act of mourning and penance.

In conclusion, Muharram is a significant festival for the Muslim community in Uttar Pradesh, and it serves as a reminder of the importance of sacrifice, martyrdom, and devotion. The festival also highlights the cultural diversity of the state and provides an opportunity for people from different communities to come together and celebrate the occasion. The state government has taken steps to ensure that the festival is celebrated peacefully and without any untoward incidents. The police are deployed in large numbers to maintain law and order during the processions, and the organizers are required to obtain permission from the authorities before holding any events. Overall, Muharram is a time of reflection, solidarity, and faith for the Muslim community in Uttar Pradesh.

Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima, also known as Vesak, is a significant Buddhist festival celebrated across the world. It is celebrated on the full moon day of the Hindu month of Vaisakh, which usually falls in the months of April or May. The festival commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.

In Uttar Pradesh, Buddha Purnima is celebrated with great enthusiasm, especially in the cities of Varanasi, Sarnath, and Kushinagar, which are significant Buddhist pilgrimage sites. On this day, devotees visit Buddhist temples and monasteries to offer prayers and seek blessings. The temples are decorated with flowers and colourful lights, and special prayer sessions and sermons are held.

The main event of the festival is the ceremonial procession, known as Buddha Jayanti or Buddha Purnima Prabhat Pheri, which takes place early in the morning. The procession is led by a group of monks and devotees carrying a statue or an image of Buddha. The devotees chant prayers and hymns, and the procession ends at the temple, where special prayers and rituals are performed.

In addition to the religious ceremonies, cultural and educational programs are also organized to mark the occasion. Seminars, workshops, and exhibitions on Buddhist art and literature are held, and traditional dance and music performances are organized to showcase the rich cultural heritage of the state.

The celebration of Buddha Purnima in Uttar Pradesh is an important event that brings people of different religions and communities together. It promotes peace, harmony, and tolerance, and serves as a reminder of the teachings of Buddha, which emphasize compassion, love, and non-violence.

In conclusion, Buddha Purnima is a significant festival that is celebrated with great zeal and fervour in Uttar Pradesh. The state’s rich Buddhist heritage and culture add to the significance of the festival, making it a memorable and spiritually uplifting experience for all. The festival promotes interfaith harmony and respect for all religions, and serves as a reminder of the universal message of peace and compassion that Buddha’s teachings offer.


Christmas is a festival celebrated by Christians all over the world to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ. In India, Christmas is celebrated with great enthusiasm in many states, including Uttar Pradesh. The state has a significant Christian population, especially in the cities of Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, and Allahabad. The festival is a time of joy, happiness, and togetherness for the Christian community, and also for people of other faiths who participate in the celebrations.

Celebrations in Uttar Pradesh: The celebrations of Christmas in Uttar Pradesh are a blend of western traditions and local customs. The state’s Christian community decorates their homes, churches, and streets with colorful lights, stars, and Christmas trees. The markets are filled with various decorative items, gifts, and sweets, which people buy for themselves and their loved ones.

On Christmas Eve, the churches in the state hold midnight masses, which are attended by the Christian community as well as people from other faiths. The services are conducted in Hindi and English, and hymns are sung in various languages, including Urdu and Punjabi. After the mass, people exchange greetings, hug each other, and wish each other a Merry Christmas.

On Christmas day, people dress up in new clothes and attend church services. Special prayers are offered, and carols are sung. After the service, people exchange gifts, sweets, and Christmas cards. Families and friends gather together to share a festive meal, which includes traditional dishes like roast turkey, plum cake, and Christmas pudding.

In conclusion, Christmas is a festival of joy and togetherness, and in Uttar Pradesh, it is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor. The state’s Christian community, along with people of other faiths, come together to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. The celebrations are a perfect example of the state’s cultural diversity and communal harmony. The festive spirit of Christmas spreads love and happiness, and the celebrations in Uttar Pradesh are a testament to the same.

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